A mouthguard is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums. Mouthguards are most often used to prevent injury in contact sports, as a treatment for bruxism or TMD, or as part of certain dental procedures, such as tooth bleaching.
Mouthguards are used in sports where deliberate or accidental impacts to the face and jaw may cause harm. Mouthguards may also prevent or reduce harm levels of concussion in the event of an injury to the jaw. Many sports, schools or local state health laws make the use of protective mouthguards compulsory for participants.
Mouthguards may be used as splints to treat temporomandibular joint disorder and bruxism (teeth grinding).
Types of Mouthguards
Stock or ready made
Manufactured in a pre-formed shape in various sizes but with nearly no adjustment to fit the user’s mouth. The only adjustment possible is minor trimming with a knife or scissors.
Mouth adapted or “boil and bite”
A thermo-plastic material manufactured in a pre-formed shape in various sizes that can be adapted to fit more closely to an individual’s teeth and gums by heating and molding such as boiling then placing in the mouth.These mouth guards are usually made of Ethylene-vinyl acetate.
An impression of the users teeth is used by specialist manufacturers to create a best-fit mouth protector.